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International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
ISSN: 1680-6433
EISSN: 2008-2177
Vol. 17, No. 4, 2019, pp. 279-286
Bioline Code: rm19030
Full paper language: English
Document type: Research Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, Vol. 17, No. 4, 2019, pp. 279-286

 en Effects of different doses of tamoxifen on the sperm parameters and chromatin quality in mice: An experimental model
Sadeghi, Sepideh; Talebi, Ali Reza; Shahedi, Abbas; Moein, Mohammad Reza & Abbasi-sarcheshmeh, Abolghasem


Background: Tamoxifen (TX) is widely used for the treatment of male factor and idiopathic infertility. It has been shown that TX induces sperm production and so improves male fertility.
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of different doses of TX on the sperm parameters and chromatin quality in mice.
Materials and Methods: In this research, 24 male NMRI mice were divided into three groups including group A: control animal receiving vehicle; group B: the group receiving basal diet and TX 0.4 mg/kg/day; and group C: the group receiving basal diet and TX 0.6 mg/kg/day for 35 days. Thereafter, epididymal spermatozoa were analyzed for standard parameters and nuclear chromatin quality using Aniline Blue (AB) and Toluidine Blue (TB) staining.
Results: The results indicated that although the TX did not affect the sperm count, motility, and viability parameters, it could elevate the percentage of sperm cells with abnormal morphology and abnormal chromatin at both doses. In addition, in comparison with the control mice, a significant elevation was observed in spermatozoa with residual histones (assessed by AB staining) at high doses of TX.
Conclusion: Our experimental data in mice suggested that the use of TX for treating male infertility might increase the rates of spermatozoa with abnormal chromatin in a dose-dependent manner.

Tamoxifen; Sperm; Chromatin; Mice.

© Copyright 2019 - Sepideh Sadeghi et al.
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