The protective effects of Crocin on testopathy in fat-fed and streptozotocin-treated diabetic rats: An experimental study|
Mirzaee, Saeed; Bayatpoor, Mohammad Ehsan; Shahyad, Shima; Mohammadi, Mohammad Taghi & Bahari, Zahra
Background: Male hypogonadism is associated with type II diabetes mellitus due to
testicular dysfunction. Medicinal plants have received considerable attention for the
management of diabetes and its complications.
Objective: The aim of present study was to evaluate the anti-diabetic and protective
influence of Crocin on testopathy in diabetic rats.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, type II of diabetes mellitus was
induced by high-fat diet and low dose of streptozotocin. Male Wistar rats (8 weeks,
150–200 gr, 18 rats; n= 6 per group) were divided into a control group (standard
diet), diabetic group (streptozotocin+high-fat diet), and treatment group (High-fat
diet+streptozotocin+Crocin at 20 mg/kg/day, i.p. for 60 days). After 60 days, animals
were euthanized, testis and epididymis were dissected, and weights of testes and
sperm count were analyzed. Hematoxylin-eosin-stained was done for histopathological
examination. Blood samples were collected for the assessment of serum glucose and
Results: High-fat diet and streptozotocin significantly increased the serum glucose
and cholesterol levels as compared to the control group (p≤ 0. 001). Moreover, there
was a significant decrease in the weight of right (p= 0.008) and left testes (p≤ 0.
001) and also the total sperm count (p= 0.023) in the diabetic group compared with
the control group. Current results also identified that type II diabetes mellitus induced
degeneration in the morphology of seminiferous tubules. Application of Crocin could
significantly decrease serum glucose and cholesterol levels (p= 0.003). Furthermore,
Crocin treatment significantly increased the weight of the right (p= 0.026) and left
(p= 0.014) testes and total sperm count (p= 0.000). Also, Crocin could attenuate the
pathological changes of the testes in the treatment group.
Conclusion: Present findings concluded that Crocin treatment improved diabetic
testopathy and impairment of seminiferous tubules induced by high-fat diet and
Crocin; Reproductive system; Blood glucose; Streptozotocin; Diabetes.