Oral administration of titanium dioxide nanoparticle through ovarian tissue alterations impairs mice embryonic development|
Karimipour, Mojtaba; Javanmard, Masoumeh Zirak; Ahmadi, Abbas & Jafari, Abbas
Background: Titanium dioxide nanoparticle (TiO2NP) is commonly used in industrial
products including food colorant, cosmetics, and drugs. Previous studies have shown that oral
administration of TiO2NP can be toxic to the reproductive system, but little is known if
TiO2NP could be able to affect the functions of the female reproductive system, in particular
Objective: The objective was to evaluate the effects of oral administration of TiO2NP on
histological changes in ovaries, pregnancy rate and in vitro fertility in mice.
Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 54 adult female NMRI mice were
randomly assigned to two groups: control group (received vehicle orally) and TiO2NP group
(received 100 mg/kg/daily TiO2NP solution orally). After 5 wk, pregnancy and in vitro
fertilization rates, histological changes in ovaries, malondyaldehyde and estrogen hormone
levels in the blood serum were investigated and compared between groups.
Results: Our results revealed that TiO2NP administration induced histological alterations in
ovary including, degenerating and reduction of ovarian follicles, ovarian cyst formation and
disturbance of follicular development. Compared to control, animals in TiO2NP group have
shown significant reduction of pregnancy rates and number of giving birth (p=0.04). TiO2NP
caused significant reduction in oocyte number, fertilization rate, and pre-implantation embryo
development (p<0.001). Furthermore, malondyaldehyde and estrogen hormone levels were
significantly (p<0.01) increased in mice received TiO2NP.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that TiO2NP exposure induces alterations on mice ovary
resulting in a decrease in the rate of embryo development and fertility.
Nanoparticle; Titanium dioxide; Ovary; In vitro fertilization; Mice.