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International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
ISSN: 1680-6433
EISSN: 2008-2177
Vol. 15, No. 11, 2017, pp. 679-686
Bioline Code: rm17079
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, Vol. 15, No. 11, 2017, pp. 679-686

 en Prevalence of premenstrual syndrome in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Ranjbaran, Mehdi; Samani, Reza Omani; Almasi-Hashiani, Amir; Matourypour, Pegah & Moini, Ashraf

Abstract

Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder characterized by physical, mental and behavioral changes in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle in the reproductive age women.
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the overall prevalence of PMS in Iran by a systematic review and meta-analysis study.
Materials and Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched international databases included ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar, and also local databases including Iranmedex, Scientific Information Database, and Magiran for articles in English and Persian language published up to September 2016. We carried out data analysis with Stata version 11. We examined heterogeneity in the results of studies through I2 statistics and Chi-square based Q test. Also, we investigated the effects of potential heterogeneity factors in the prevalence of PMS by meta-regression.
Results: We studied a total of 9147 reproductive-age women from 24 articles which entered to meta-analysis. Based on the result of random effect model, we estimated the overall prevalence of PMS 70.8% [95% CI: 63.8-77.7]. The results of subgroup analysis revealed that prevalence of PMS was 80.4% (95% CI; 66.9-93.9) among high school students, 68.9% (95% CI; 59.2-78.6) among university students, and 54.9% (95% CI; 51.6-58.2) in general population. Univariate meta-regression model showed that prevalence of PMS was decreased by increasing the age of subjects but this was not statistically significant (p=0.155).
Conclusion: Our finding showed that PMS was prevalent in Iranian reproductive age women especially among high school students. More epidemiological research for determining factors that affect PMS prevalence seems essential.

Keywords
Premenstrual syndrome; Iran; Systematic review; Meta-analysis.

 
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Alternative site location: http://www.ijrm.ir

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