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International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine
Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences of Yazd
ISSN: 1680-6433
EISSN: 2008-2177
Vol. 15, No. 9, 2017, pp. 535-542
Bioline Code: rm17064
Full paper language: English
Document type: Review Article
Document available free of charge

International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, Vol. 15, No. 9, 2017, pp. 535-542

 en Biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis: A narrative review
Azizi, Marzieh & Elyasi, Forouzan


Background: Pseudocyesis is a psychopathological clinical syndrome in which a non-pregnant woman firmly believes herself to be pregnant and manifests many symptoms and signs of pregnancy. Although the exact etiology of pseudocyesis has not been determined.
Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis.
Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted between 1943-2016 to retrieve pseudocyesis related articles. For this purpose, 1149 articles were collected and 66 items were used.
Results: Findings were classified into 2 main categories: a) pseudocyesis etiology, which could include (biological psychological factors and psychiatric disorders, and social factors); and b) pseudocyesis management.
Conclusion: Pseudocyesis results from a multidimensional group of factors, and a holistic and comprehensive approach should be taken to its treatment. Cooperation between gynecologists and psychiatrists would likely be useful in addressing the condition.

Pseudocyesis; Neuroendocrinology; Psychiatric disorders; Biopsychosocial; Socio-cultural.

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